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Ernst Fuchs Artwork

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Ernst Fuchs was born on 13 February in Vienna. His father, Maximilian Fuchs, son of an orthodox Jewish family, had turned down a career as a Rabbi, leaving his theological studies uncompleted. He married Leopoldine, a Christian. When the Nazis occupied Austria in March 1938, Maximilian Fuchs emigrated to Shanghai. Ernst remains in Vienna together with his mother. Nazi legislation makes it illegal for Leopoldine to raise her son. Ernst is deported to a transit camp for children of mixed racial origin. Thereupon Leopoldine Fuchs agrees to a formal divorce from her husband, thus saving her son from the extermination camp.


Fuchs is baptised, an event of the utmost significance for him that determines his future life and work. He feels the vocation to become an artist and takes initial lessons in drawing, sculpting and painting with Alois Schiemann, a well-known painter and restorer. Subsequently he receives tuition from Professor Fröhlich and the sculptress Emmy Steinböck.


Study with Professor Albert Paris von Gütersloh at the Vienna Academy of Art. There he encounters the work of Egon Schiele and Gustav Klimt.


Founding of the "Vienna School of Fantastic Realism" together with Arik Brauer, Wolfgang Hutter, Rudolph Hausner and Anton Lehmden. Participation in the first exhibition of the Vienna Art Club in Turin/Italy.

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